Huw Evans will join the ABI in the autumn from the Royal Bank of Scotland group, where he is a senior member of the group strategy team.
He has also worked as a special advisor at Downing Street and the Home Office.
He replaces Alan Leaman, who left the ABI in July.
Evans said: 'The wide range of issues that the insurance industry deals with on a day-to-day, and year-to-year, basis will make this a hugely testing and enjoyable role.'
'I am very much looking forward to supporting Stephen and the ABI’s members in the challenges that lie ahead.'