The '1,001 Inventions: Discover the Muslim Heritage in our World' exhibition will open at the Manchester Museum of Science and Industry on 8 March before a tour of UK cities, thought to include Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester and London.
If the tour is successful, the exhibition could be staged abroad later in the year.
The initiative is designed to show how the Muslim community shares its heritage with those of other communities in the UK, said mission21 account manager Lawrence Hall.
'This is the first exhibition of its kind in the current political climate and it shows the great Islamic inventions that are not widely known,' he added.
Inventions on display include a camera, paper, and the use of carpets for insulation. It also shows how Muslims were among the first to use libraries to promote public learning, as well as navigational equipment such as maps.
The exhibition is split into seven zones – the home, school, market, hospitals, town, world and universe.