The incumbent chief executive, Julia Cook, will formally hand over the role to Cameron at the HCA’s annual general meeting on 22 January.
Cameron is currently an independent consultant, trading as Teasel Consulting.
Before this, Cameron was general manager of the PM Society, where she gained experience running a not-for-profit membership organisation.
She was previously the operations and awards director for PM Group, where she was responsible for bringing together key stakeholders in the healthcare sector.
Stephen Whitehead, president of the HCA, said: "Over the past ten years Julia has worked tirelessly to transform the HCA into a body that provides invaluable support and advice to its members to help them navigate this landscape and share best practice.
"I've witnessed first-hand the dedication Julia has brought to her role. She will be a tough act to follow, however, change is change and I am certain that Anneliese is more than up to the task ahead of her and will bring new opportunities and challenges for the HCA."
Cook said that, after ten years at the helm of the HCA, it was time to make way for fresh blood and new ideas.
Cook said she would continue to do project-based work for the HCA, as well as continuing her other roles leading her independent consultancy Stepback Healthcare and organ-transplant specialist Esprit Group.
Cook added: "I am very proud of the work I have done in the past ten years at HCA. I look forward to working with Anneliese in the coming months to ensure a seamless handover and, indeed, to keeping involved with specific projects for this pivotal organisation as appropriate."